Cinespect asked me to write something about my favorite zombie film, Return of the Living Dead, for their “31 Days of Horror” feature.
Over the past few days, I’ve enjoyed the excellent and informative book The Complete History of the Return of the Living Dead by Christian Sellers and Gary Smart. It’s a guide to every film in the ROTLD series, and features production photographs, promotional materials, and interviews with the cast and crew of each film.
As I’ve remarked on several occasions– and repeatedly on this blog– Return of the Living Dead is my favorite zombie film of all time. It’s scary. It’s funny. It’s well-acted. The soundtrack is awesome. It has a rollicking sense of fun that’s just contagious. Its variations and innovations on the zombie (“braaaaains“) have proved endearing and enduring, and it remains a cult classic to this day.
There are– however– many zombie fans who dislike ROTLD, feeling that its zombies are too goofy and buffoonish, or somehow not “real zombies.” Into this camp fall such zombie luminaries as Max Brooks. And though I respectfully disagree with Max, I love his line: “If zombies were a race, that movie would be racist.” from our Comic Con discussion:
ROTLD was written and directed by Dan O’Bannon, who passed away in 2009. O’Bannon also wrote such notable films as Dark Star, Alien, and Total Recall. Throughout all the interviews with cast and crew, one constant that emerges is the profound effect O’Bannon had as the director of the production. Indeed, one begins to see the first half of the book (which exclusively chronicles the first film) as a testimonial to the positive impact a truly ingenious director can have. The book is filled with tales of O’Bannon coaxing an emotional performance from a reluctant actor, making an astute call about how an effects shot should come together, or correcting the production when it went off course. It is remarkable how many of the memorable aspects of ROTLD can be ascribed to the direct intercession of O’Bannon.
The second half of the book considers the sequels in the series: Return of the Living Dead Part II, Return of the Living Dead 3, Return of the Living Dead: Necropolis, and Return of the Living Dead: Rave from the Grave.
Only a few actors from the original appear in any of the sequels, and they are– somewhat bafflingly– cast in different roles. For me, the second half of the book was a study in how hard it is to get a movie made, and how feelings can be hurt regarding casting decisions. For example, James Karen was cast in Return of the Living Dead Part II, but Don Calfa, who was also in the original, auditioned but was passed over in favor of another actor. Bad feelings, accordingly, seem to have emerged.
Yet on a more positive note, it is impossible to read these accounts and fail to emerge with the impression that working on these films was anything other than an absolute joy. (A harrowing, exhausting, nerve-racking joy perhaps, but a joy nonetheless.) I was struck particularly by the accounts of actors from the first film who couldn’t get cast in the sequels, but who still inveigled off-camera FX and PA jobs on it, just so they could get to be a part of the film in some capacity.
Is The Complete History of the Return of the Living Dead a perfect book? No. I had some criticisms too. Namely:
- There is not enough James Karen or Clu Gulager. These are the two finest actors in the series by a lot, and the book should have been weighted to favor interviews with them.
- I would have appreciated hearing more about contemporary zombie filmmakers (and writers, and comic artists, and musicians) who have been influenced by ROTLD.
- The second half of the book feels almost apologetic, probably because the authors think everyone agrees–a priori–that the sequels were, at best, very inferior (and, at worst, should not have been made at all). I agree that ROTLD is head and shoulders (and brains) above the films that followed it, but I can still find much to appreciate in several of the sequels. I expect that many other zombie fans can too.
Whether you enjoy ROTLD or– like Max Brooks– find it offensive to your undead sensibilities, the fact remains that it has emerged as an influential work with enduring aspects. It was the first film in which zombies requested “braaaaaaains” by name, and the iconic Tarman Zombie (who appears in the first and second films in the series) is one of the most recognized and reproduced zombies of all time.
Love it or hate it, ROTLD is a phenomenon that deserves to be chronicled and considered. This new book is a nice step toward doing exactly that.
I’ve often heard the Ramones, the Sex Pistols, and the Clash called the three most important punk-bands of all time because of what they respectively established about the genre. Namely:
- The Ramones established how punk should sound.
- The Sex Pistols established that punk should be rude and dissrepectful to authority.
- The Clash established that punk should be political (specifically, left-leaning political)
In that connection, it is interesting to think about the relative importance of zombie movies in terms of what they established about the zombie-genre (or just the zombie). If people know one thing about zombies (modern zombies, not the “classical” Haitian voodoo kind), it’s that they are reanimated corpses, arisen from the dead and on the hunt for the living. But if people know a second thing about zombies (most do), it’s that they want to eat your brain. Usually, zombies are portrayed as being able to articulate a primitive version of the word: “…braaaaaaaains…”
Based upon these dominant perceptions about zombies, one must conclude (correctly) that the most important zombie film of all time is Romero’s Night of the Living Dead. However, one must also conclude that right behind it at #2 is Dan O’Bannon’s lesser-known Return of the Living Dead.
- Night of the Living Dead established that zombies are reanimated corpses who are after you.
- Return of the Living Dead established that zombies want to eat your brains.
I’m continually surprised to find that many zombie fans, even learned aficionados, don’t know exactly where the whole “…braaaaains…”-thing comes from, or if it even had a single origination-point. Well, it did. It was Return of the Living Dead.
Released in 1985, ROTLD features campily-hilarious 80’s stereotypes and great music. In addition to being canonical to zombie fans, ROTLD is a delightful movie (one of my favorites) and an excellent entrance to the genre for anyone unfamiliar. The acting is surprisingly good (for an unknown cast), and the special-effects are great. The violence is creative, witty, and well-timed. There’s gratuitious nudity, sure, but it feels funny and appropriate to the story, not forced and perv-y. The immortal (to zombie fans) lines “send more cops” and “send more paramedics” are also spoken in this film.
You’ve got to give props to Romero as the originator of the modern zombie. He’s the “Don of the Dead,” the “Knight of the Living Dead.” Sure. Absolutely. No question.
But as far as I’m concerned, in order of importance, Dan O’Bannon should be right behind him.
I wonder what the third most important zombie film of all time is?